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The crimson coloured Kuja is described as Angaaraka, Mangala and Bhouma in Puraanas. A huge wealth of information is available about him in Brahma Vaivarta Puraanam, Siva, Padma Puraanaas and in treatise of Astrology.

The Brahma Vaivarta Puraana traces the origin of Kuja as follows:

The time dates back to the post cosmic incarnation of Lord Vishnu as a boar. The story goes to say that Bhoodevi falls in love with Lord Vishnu and approaches him. The lord favours her and she leaves a coral in the ocean as a token of their togetherness. Kuja is said to have born out of that coral. Etymologically, ‘KU’ means earth and ‘JA’ refers to birth. Hence he is referred to as the son of the earth or in other words Bhauma.

Padma Puraana gives a slightly different version of Kuja’s origin. Once a bead of perspiration from Lord Vishnu’s brow falls on the earth and from that energy a red coloured person, who is also known as Lohitaanga takes birth. He wins over Lord Brahma with his rigorous penance and secures a position in the planets. He is none other than Kuja.

Shiva Puraana tracks down his origin to Lord Shiva. Sati Devi, daughter of Dakshaprajaapathi, immolates herself in the Yogic fire, as a sequel to her separation from the lord. Lord Shiva too is stricken with agony and in that pain-filled state; a drop of sweat from his body falls on earth. Again a crimson coloured person emerges out of the drop of sweat and Bhoodevi tends him. Hence Kuja is looked upon as the son of Lord Shiva or Kumaara Swami. It is in this context that Kumaara Swami is ceremoniously worshipped on Tuesdays.

Kuja according to astrology:

Kuja prays to the Sun and the Moon and lords over Mesha (Aries) and Vrischika (Scorpio) Raasis. Kuja is in the ascent in Makara (Capricorn) raasi and is malefic in Karkataka (Cancer). According to Surya siddhanta, a school of thought in astrology, Kuja is one among the Panchamahabhootas refering to Agni. It is in the light of this reason that Kuja or Mars is red in colour. Married women wear Coral, signifying Mars in their Mangalasootras as an appeasement to the fire god. Mars lords over Mrigashira, Dhanishta and Chitta stars. Kuja dasha runs for a period of seven years and red gram is offered to please the lord.

Kuja’s nature and form:

born into a Bharadwaaja gotra, the four armed Kuja, who is also known as Mangala, is red in colour. Gold coronet on the head, red garlands and red dress mark him out to be a Mars god. Goat is his vehicle. He adorns Trishoola, Varamudra, Abhaya mudra and mace in all his four arms.


Bhavishya Purana sketches out in detail the mode of his worship.

Kuja Yantra should be drawn on a copper plate on Tuesdays. A gold idol of Kuja should be placed on the Yantra for worship. Copper, gold, red coloured dress, jaggery, red sandal, red flowers, saffron, musk and red coloured cows should be given away to win his favour. Lord Shiva and Kumaara Swami can also be worshipped to appease Mars. Kuja render in each raasi for a period of 45 days. Kuja gives benefits when he is in the 3rd, 6th and the 11th raasis.

Other features

Kuja was born in the month of Aashaada on Tuesday in the year of Raakshasa naama. His birth star is Anuradha and was born on the Dasami of shukala pakshmi.

He is the lord of a kingdom called Avanthi. In the group of nine planets or navagrahaas, he is positioned in a triangular form. Like other planets it is believed that he too circumbulates mount Meru on a splendorous chariot roofed with a red umbrella and red flag. Turning South ward in the planetary position, the red garland decked Mars is positioned towards the south of the Sun.

The beejaaksharaas of Mars are:


The mantras require chanting of seven or ten thousand times. The ashtottara namaas of Kuja are available in books relating to Navagraha aaraadhana.

Kuja, along with Guru and Surya bestows raajayoga upon the native of the horoscope. Kuja gives fillip to gain prosperity in jobs relating to police force, defence, engineering and surgery. Electronic goods, machinery and agricultural lands come our way by the grace and blessings of Mars. Goods relating to heat and fire, are required to be bought on Tuesdays.

Malefic influence of kuja:

Kuja does not cause malific influence for those born under Ashwini, Mrigashira, Punarvasu, Pushyami, Aashlesha, Uttara, Swaathi, Anuraadha, Purvaashaada, Uttaraashada,Shravanam, Uttaraabhaadra and Revathi stars. If kuja is positioned in the 2nd, 12th, 4th, 7th & 8th places of the lagna raasi, there is a possibility of kuja dosha and also loss of a spouse. Those born under Leo and Cancer zodiac sign, and also that of Aries, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Pisces there is no fear of kuja dosha. If kuja aligns with guru, then there is no evil influence. For men, 2nd and 7th positions of kuja are said to be harmful and for women 4th and 8th positions. In general 8th position of kuja is considered malefic. However to size up the influence of this planet, a sound astrological advice is recommended.

Those who come under the influence of this planet are prone to anger, determination, courage. The duty bound people with higher levels of self-esteem evince these traits on account of the influence exerted by the ruddy colored Lord Kuja or Mars.


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