|Bhaagavata Puranam, Maarkandeya Puranam, Matsya Puranam, Varaaha
Puranam, Bhaaratam, Vinaayaka Charitam, Brahma Vaivartaka Puranam give some
information about Chandra.
Puranam: Great Sage Atri and his consort Anasuya were together when the
Marharshis semen was spilled on to the earth. Vaayudeva, the wind god made it
into three parts and one of the parts entered maharshi Atris eyes. The reason
for Chandras birth is the transfer of Brahmas
Amsha to the saintly couple Atri and Anasuya, so it is said
that Chandra is born to Atri and Anasuya with the Amsha of Brahma.
Matsya Purana :
Sage Atri was ordained by Brahma to construct the worlds and Maharshi went
into deep meditation. Divine light emanated from the eyes of Atri. The Dikpaalakaas
could not bear the light and threw it into the sea. Lord Brahma bestowed
masculinity to that light. When the Devas and Daanavaas churned the sea of
milk, Chandra and Lakshmi took birth out of the
sea. Thus Chandra is the brother of Lakshmi. He is also described as the
left eye of Lord Vishnu.
During the churning of the sea of milk (as above) elixir had also come out. Lord
Vishnu, in disguise as Jaganmohini, distributed the elixir among the
gods. Two daanavas by name Rahu and Kethu stealthily joined the gods and
tried to drink the elixir. At that time Chandra
hints to Lord Vishnu about the cheating of Rahu and Kethu and Lord
Vishnu beheaded the both with his Sudarshana Chakram. Thats why Rahu and
Kethu entertain a grudge on Chandra and trouble him on some fullmoon days by
family: According to Brahma Vaivartaka Puranam the 27 stars, Aswani, Bharani,
ete.., are the daughters of Daksha Prajaapati (one of the 9 Brahmas) and
were married to Chandra. Chandra was differentiating amongst them
and loved Rohini more. When Daksha came to know of it, he cursed Chandra to
deteriorate indefinitely. Chandra went to Lord Shiva praying for immunity
from the curse. Lord Shiva wears Chandra on his head. Daksh Prajaapati approaches
Lord Shiva and requests him to release Chandra for which Lord Shiva refuses.
Shiva and Daksha started to quarrel. At that juncture, Lord Vishnu appears
there and evolves a formula which satisfies the curse of Daksha as well as the
promise of the grace of Lord Shiva dont go waste.
Accordingly Chandra was divided into two parts. One part adores the head of Lord
Shiva and the other part suffers the demission and growth, and progressively every
fortnight. These two fortnights make up one month and are known as Shuklapaksham and
Krishnapaksham and make up the month of the Hindu calendar. From then on Chandra
of 16 phases i.e the steps of decline or growth with the net 15 phases comprises of
the two halves of the month.
Chandra was a student of Brihaspati, the
preceptor of gods. Brihaspatis wife Tara fell in love with this
student, Chandra, and begot a son. The name of the son is Budha (one of the
9 planets). Wednesday is known after his name as Budhavaaram.
When Daksha Prajapati cursed Chandra, Chandra also retaliates and curses Daksha to get destroyed.
He himself disappears and hides inside the sea. Due to the disapperance of the moon i.e Chandra, the growth of herbs, crops ete.., was hampered and religious
austerities came to a stand still. All the gods got worried and approached Lord Brahma requesting
him to reveal where Chandra was hiding. Brahma informs them the
whereabouts of Chandra and suggests them to churn the milky
ocean to get Chandra out. Accordingly Chandra takes birth at the time of the churning of the milky
Once Chandra was attending a big Yagnam (religious austerity)
being performed by Daksha Prajaapati. Lord Shiva and his followers destroyed
the Yagnam. Chandra comes under the feet of Lord Shiva in
the ensuing melee. Then he shouts for grace and spontaneously Lord Shiva saves him
and wears him on his head.
Ganapathi (son of Lord Shiva) was unable to prostrate before his father due to
his big belly. Chandra who was on the head of Lord Shiva laughs
at the plight of Ganapathi and as a consequence of that evil sight, Ganapathis
stomach burst and all the eatables inside were strewn around the place. Goddess
Parvathi, annoyed at the plight of her son, gives a curse that anybody who sees Chandra on the Chaturdhi in Bhaadrapada will face
Later on when all
the gods requested her that the curse would be very severe, she modified the curse
exempting the people who listen to the birth story of Ganapathi, from the curse.
Astrology: Chandra is one of the 9 planets and is situated in the north west
direction of the almanac in the shape of square. Pearl is the gemstone attributed
to him. He is the Lord for Monday and the Lord of Cancer (Karkataka Raasi),
Taurus (Vrishaba Raasi) is his state of exalting.
People worship Chandra on Mondays. Chandra Dasa (span) in the
horoscope is for 10 years. People wear Pearl to beseech him. An austerity by name Chaandrayana
Vratam is also performed. The person who performs the Vratam eats only that
number of morsels of food on that number of the day according to Chandra
phase and fasting on the new-moon day is the procedure of this Vratam.
stones named Chandrakaantha Mani, which turns frosty (in moonlight) was used in the
olden days in the construction of sit outs in places. The pleasing nature of moonlight is
well known to be described. Sea exhibits very high ebb and tide on the full-moon day.
natures of Chandra : Chandra the king of Yamuna Desam is white
and wears a white umbrella. He circles around Meru Parvata. He has a chariot drawn
by 10 horses. Chandra was born on the full moon day the month of Kaarthika
falling on a Monday. His gotram was Aatreyasa and he is the
controller of Karkataka raasi. Silver is his favourite metal. It is
suggested to donate rice to appease him.
Chandra is very fair and white in colour. His
clothes are white, his chariot and his horses are also white and he wears a golden crown
and a necklace of pearls. One of his hands carries a mace and the other hand symbolises Vara
Mudra (to bless). Lord Krishna was born in his dynasty. (Chandra Vamsam).
entrusted Chandra with the lordship on crops, herbs, water
and Brahmins. The devotees worship Chandra on full moon day with boiled rice
mixed with honey and sugar in a copper vessel and dedicate it to him. Chandras chariot
has three wheels. He is the consort of the 27 stars. He travels with each star on one day
during his encircling the earth, which takes 28.5 days. This period comprises of one month
based on the moons transit and is known as Chaandramaanam (Lunar System).
Lunar eclipse occurs
yearly twice that too on full moon days. Astrologically if Chandra
is not favourable in the almanac, that person will suffer from lack of mental peace
and respiratory diseases. Somavaara Vratham, worship of Lord Shiva, wearing
pearls on the body, donating rice, white clothes, silver, white sandal, sugar, oxen etc.,
should be done.
Chandra is one of the most handsome gods. In
Indian literature a womans face is compared to that of full moon and her fore head
to a part moon. His is the second place amongst the nine planets. If Chandra occurs in the eighth house in horoscope it is said that
the person will suffer from ill health from his child hood.
Aum Shraam Shreem Shroum Saha Chandraaya
Namaha is Chandras Beejaakshara mantram.
Scientifically Chandra is perceived as a satellite to the Earth. His orbit is at
a distance of 50425 yojanaas (one yojana is equal to eight miles). He is the
closest planet to the earth.
Chandra is one of the many stars visible in the sky.
Indian astrology treats Chandra as a planet. Physics classifies Chandra as a satellite.
(Rgveda) describes Chandra as born from the intelligence of the
almighty. That is why Chandra is the controller of the mind according to astrology.
Human mental status also fluctuates just like the changes that take place in Chandra during the full moon and new moon fortnights.
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