Just as only one branch of Rigveda from among its 21 is available, five branches
or sub-branches of Yajurveda are available today. Of these five, three - Taittireeya,
Maitraayinee and Kata belong to the Krishna Yajurveda; two - Vaajasaneyee and Kanva
samhitaa belong to Shukla Yajurveda.
Yajurveda Samhitaa contains both prose and poetry. In the available three
samhitaas the mantra and braahmana parts are found combined together. The Taittireeya
samhitaa is classified into seven cantoes (Kaanda), 44 Prapaatakaas or chapters,
651 anuvaakas and 2198 kaandikas (mantras). Generally, each kaandika contains about 50
words. The commentaries written on this by Saayanaachaarya, Balakrishna
Deekshita and Bhatta Bhaskara are available.
No elucidatory work on Krishna Yajurveda like the
Kaatyaayaneeya "Sarvaanukramane" of Rigveda is found; and therefore, it is
difficult to form a clear picture of the rishies etc. There are certainly a few references
to the Kaanda rishies being worshipped. Perhaps, the names of 6 Kaandas are named after
them. They are as follows: Praajaapatya, Soumya, Aagneya, Vaishvadeva, Svaayambhuva and
Aaruna. A majority of devas of the Taittireeya are the Rigvedic devas.
Rudra is its principal
deity. A complete chapter "Rudraadhyaaya" is devoted to Rudra. Shaakalya and Gaalava
are the authors of the Kramapaata and Padapaata respectively. The 7th canto of this
samhitaa contains the account of Maharshi Vasishta and Sudaasa, the solar dynasty monarch.
Tailanga and Draavida
brahmanas call this Taittireeya
Samhitaa as Aapastamba
branch. There is remarkable similarity between the mantras of Rigveda and Taittireeya
samhitaa. The Maitraayinee samhitaa of the Krishna Yajurveda contains 4 cantoes, 54
prapaatakas and 634 mantras.
The Charanavyooha claims
this as the chief branch. It is also known as Kalaapashaakha. 6 classes of Maitraayinee
branch are cited in the Charanavyooha. One was Maanava shaakha, the source of maanava
dharma sutras that formed the basis for Manusmriti. The Kataka Samhitaa - Katashaakha is
classified in 18 prapaatakas on the basic of the various sacrificial rituals.
The prapaatakas are named
Sthaanaka in this samhitaa. There is not much difference between Maitraayinee and Kata
branches. The Kataka branch brahmanas are found in Kashmir and those of Maitraayinee are
found in Gujarat and the south.
About Us | Purohits | Advertisement | Ask Us | Feedback | Guest Page | Help them
| Navagraha Mandala
Matrimonial | Pooja | Show Case | Temple Stories | Tradition | Vaidic | Disclaimer Clause | Festivals
Designed and Maintained By Vedaonline