from previous issue) Rgveda is the oldest available literature of the mankind.
The ancient most picture of the Aryan of Hindu race in its completeness is provided here.
All aspects of Vedic civilisation and culture are available in this. There is vivid
description of the religious, political, cultural, literacy,
social and scientific thought of the Hindu
race and their development in Rgveda.
Rgvaidic Dharma: Aryans or Hindus
consider the Veda as the root source of their Dharma. Today Hindu Dharma has
undergone tremendous change. Some worship the almighty as one with attributes and some
without any form. Some believe in many Gods and some only in one. Various schools of
philosophy like Advaita, Vishistaadvaita, Dwaita and Traita, where all owe their roots to
the vedas. The basic Dharma of Rgveda is the worship of deities. This worship could be in
the form of propitiating many deities or one single supreme consciousness.
a) The Worship of Many deities: On the surface, worship of many
deities does seem to be the fundamental Dharma of Rgveda. 33 deities figure prominently in
Rgveda. On being worshipped these Devas or gods bestow on man with various
powers and wealth. Maharshi Yaska classified these Devas into three categories.
Prithvi sthaaneeya, Antariksha sthaaneeya and Dyusthaaneeya ie., terrestial,
those belonging to space and those belonging to heaven.
b) Single God theory: The
hidden meaning of Vaidic mantras indicate toward one single Omnipotent, Omniscient
and Omnipresent Lord. The vaidic sages worshipped one single supreme consciousness. This
supreme consciousness is Paramaatman, Eeshwara, Purusha or Bhrahman. The various deities
are merely the expression of his various powers and characteristics. There are many
mantras that support this fact.
Indram mitram Varunamagniraahuryo divyassuparno garutmaan
Ekam sad Vipraa bahudhaa vadantyagnim yamam maatraarishwaanamaahuhu
(Rgveda - 1.644.6)
Though one, the supreme consciousness is called by many names suchas - Indra, Mitra,
Varuna, Agni, Divya, Suparna, Garutmaan, Agni, Yama and Maataarishwa by the wise.
Yaskacharya too echoes the same theory.
Mahaabhaagyad devataaya Eka Eva aatmaa bahudhaa stuy
The soul of all the Devas is one. It is glorified in many ways.
Rishi Dayananda through irrefutable arguments has proved the same.
c) Sacrifice: The vaidic dharma is known as the Dharma of
sacrifies. But the exact meaning of the word Yagna is not clear. Many
sages have defined Yagna as acts of selfless service. No matter what the
meaning be, Rgveda endorses it.
Philosophical thought evolution in Rgveda.
The philosophical thought evolution of the Hindus has its seeds in Rgveda.
Atman - Paramaatman, creation - genesis, death, rebirth and salvation etc have been deeply
and exhaustively discussed in Rgveda.
a) Eswara, Jeeva - Prakriti : The Hindus accept three factors
responsible for the creation and administration of the universe. They are Eeshwara, Jeeva
and Prakriti. Creation comes into being with the union of Jeeva and Prakriti.
Eeshwara is the regulator and administrator of creation. The Jeeva is bound and is caught
in vicious circle of birth and death by Prakriti i.e., nature. He attains freedom
from this bondage having realised from true self and
achieves absolute emancipation and becomes ever blissful. Many mantras in
Rgveda endorse this three-factor point.
b) Creation: There about 6 to 7 suktaas in Rgveda regarding the
genesis of this Universe. The Naasadiya, Hiranyagarbha and Purusha suktaas are
the most famous. Naasadiya sukta (10.129) describes the condition before the
creation, and evolution of the Universe. In the beginning there was
nothing. There were neither worlds nor sky, neither momentum nor pace, neither birth nor
death nor immortality, neither day nor night. Only the Omnipotent, supreme consciousness,
existed in dormant form. Desire was born in His heart and the seed of creation
was born, where from He Himself was born or his creation, whether the devas were born
before the creation or after ? Who has ever understood? The supreme consciousness,
the supreme Lord is the only Lord of
this creation and he alone should known and understood. The Hiranyagarbha sukta too
describes the process of creation. In the beginning the Hirayagarbha
Parmaatman alone existed. He was the sole lord of all created being. He bears
on his person the earth and celestial worlds.
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