This section is meant for informing the
browsers about various poojas that are performed according to the Hindu culture and
tradition. Our aim is to inform fellow tradition lovers about the details of worshipping a
God including the importance of the God, pooja vidhi or the method of worship and the
material required for performing the pooja. We will feature the details of one God and
pooja vidhi every week. You may note that there are certain differences in the pooja vidhi
and the type of material used depending on the regional practices. The details
provided in these columns are general and that are based on the basic rules of worship.
Watch out for more information on the basic pillar of the Indian tradition, God in these columns.
sarvah anayaa ithi Lakshmi According
to Amarakosha the word Lakshmi etymologically means the goddess who watches over every
The details of this Goddess can be obtained from Vyvartha puraana, Devi
Bhagavatha and Vishnu Puraana.
Lakshmi symbolizes the wealth of Lord Indra. Due
to the curse of sage Doorwaasa, Lakshmi fell into the
ocean and when Gods and demons churned the ocean during the samudra manthana, she rose
from it once again. During the initial stages of creation she was born along
with Brahma. That is why Lakshmi and Brahma
have a reddish complexion. Shiva and Saraswati were born of a lotus.
That is why they have white complexion. Parvati and Narayana
were born of another lotus and they have bluish dark complexion. That is why Parvati
is called 'Narayani'.
During the churning of the ocean Lakshmi fell in love with Vishnu
who was in the form of a tortoise. Her father the Sea God gets her married to
Vishnu. Their son is Manmatha. The owl is her vehicle.
She is seated in a lotus. Whenever Vishnu took incarnations, Lakshmi too
Lakshmi being the symbolic diety of wealth, on earth, specially in India
is worshipped. In the hymns of Rgveda, Sree Suktam is a hymn to Lakshmi.
In the festivals celebrated in a year there are many exclusively of Lakshmi.
The first festival in the month of Sraavana, the second Friday is
celebrated as Varalakshmi Vrata. In the month of Bhaadrapada, on
Shuddha Asthami, Lakshmi is worshipped along with her sister Jyestaadevi.
The day is called Jyestaashtami. This vratam is performed in
Maharastra, Karnataka and Telangana in Andhra Pradesh and in the month of Aswaija,
during Sharannavaratri, Saraswati, Mahalakshmi and Mahakali poojas are performed.
These three Goddesses are said to be the incarnations of Aadi Sakti.
Throughout the month of Aswaija particularly on amaavasya golden or silver
idols of Lakshmi are worshipped.
Friday: Of the seven days of the week the favourite of Lakshmi is Friday.
On Fridays Lakshmi pooja is performed and married
women are given kumkum, termeric, blouse pieces and sweets. Besides the common
man, businessmen perform special poojas on this day.
During the beginning of Kaliyuga, Lakshmi who was residing in the bosom of Vishnu, was
dislodged due to sage Bhrigu who kicked Vishnu in the chest. Lakshmi left Vishnu and
made Koihapur (Maharastra) her abode.
There are eight modes of worshipping Lakshmi depending on the desired outcome.
There are temples of Asta Lakshmi in India.
Asta Lakshmis :
The Benefits of
People who desire wealth and prosperity worship Dhanalakshmi. It is also known
as vaibhava lakshmi vrata. Gajalakshmi Vrata fulfils all desires. Adilakshmi
or Mahalakshmi vrata is for victory in wars, and for legal battles Vijayalakshmi vrata is
performed. For all kinds of wealth Aishwarya lakshmi vratha is performed.
The eight forms of wealth are
- Harvest or Livelihood
A man who possesses all the
above is called a Poorna Purusha.
For health, courage and power Veeralakshmi vrata is performed. For the house to be
bountiful, to facilitate sacrifies (Yagas and yagnas) and good hospitality Dhaanyalakshmi
vrata is prescribed. For progeny Santalakshmi is worshipped.
Women observe most of these Vratas. Lakshmi can be worshipped by a 'Sri yantram' a basic
design (Beejaaksharee chitram).
Mode of Worship:
For performing a vrata, one needs a systematic way of performing according to the process
prescribed by the Veda or Puraanaas supported by various mantras, slokas, astottaraas and
Udyaapana is the completion of the pooja for which one has to invite a brahmin or married
women and honour them.
The vrata also includes the story of the importance ofGoddess Lakshmi.
The vrata is performed with the following rituals:
Lakshmi stuthi (prayer)
Aarathi and hymns
Camphor and mantra pushpam at the end
Material required for Vrata
A small altar or a platform made of wood A new yellow cloth to seat the
deity. Water secured from Ganga, Godavari and Krishna (orpure water) Two lamps,
incense, comphor, fragrance, sandalwood paste, beetal nuts, dates, coconuts Turmeric,
vermillion, flowers and unbroken rice. A picture of the Goddess or a small idol. Panchaamrutam
(a mixture of milk, curds, honey, ghee and sugar) If possible an audio cassette with
traditional background music (Mangala vaadyam) Five varieties of fruits.
collyrium, bangles, blouse piece, flowers and coins Naivedyam - Any delicacy, preferably
paayasam or sweets A book or audio cassette of Lakshmi Astottaram or Sahasranaamam.
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